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The small and charming country has a population of 627, 987. It’s situated in Southeast Europe, at the beautiful coastline of the Adriatic Sea, bordering Croatia on the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina on the northwest, Serbia and Kosovo on the east and Albania on south.
Podgorica is the capital of Montenegro and it’s one of the twenty-three municipalities in the country. However, historic Cetinje is better known as the Old Royal Capital where the official residence of the President resides.
After World War I, Montenegro became part of Yugoslavia. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro together established a federation known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003). In May 2006, on the basis of an independent referendum, Montenegro declared independence and the federation peacefully dissolved on 3 June of that year.
The official language is Montenegrin, quite similar to Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian. Some Albanian is also spoken, and Slovenian and Macedonian are understood. In Podgorica and the coastal area, many people speak English, as this is where most of the visitors spend time.
The country’s name derives from Venetian. It can be translated to “Black Mountain” and the inspiration behind the name comes from Mount Lovćen, the country’s most famous mountain and national park which is covered by dense evergreen forests making it appear like a black mountain from a distance.
There’s no doubt that Montenegro is one of the most captivating places in the world for untouched beauty and breathtaking mountainous splendour. It’s a Balkan country with rugged mountains, medieval villages and a narrow strip of beaches along its coastline. The scenic Bay of Kotor is scattered with photogenic medieval towns. It resembles a fjord, dotted with coastal churches and fortified towns.
And if your bliss is the great outdoors, your best bet is visiting Durmitor National Park, home to bears and wolves. It encompasses limestone peaks, glacial lakes and the 1,300m-deep Tara River Canyon, which is the largest river canyon in Europe, and one of the largest in the world. Also, Lake Skadar is worth a visit for its sheer captivating beauty. It’s the largest lake in Southern Europe, right on the border of Albania. In fact, there’s so much to explore within the five national parks, six canyons, 24 lakes and countless mountains and beaches.